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Bardagaíþróttir

Bardagaíþróttir

3.899 eru með Bardagaíþróttir sem áhugamál
17.100 stig
372 greinar
2.873 þræðir
7 tilkynningar
5 pistlar
797 myndir
505 kannanir
33.275 álit
Meira

Ofurhugar

HwaRang HwaRang 2.584 stig
loco loco 1.014 stig
Freestyle Freestyle 674 stig
qeySuS qeySuS 332 stig
Nekron Nekron 328 stig
seungsang seungsang 314 stig
Khan Khan 302 stig

Stjórnendur

Hér má skoða lista með þýðingum á helstu orðum og orðasamböndum í nokkrum algengum bardagalistum. Því miður eru flestir orðalistarnir á ensku þar sem stjórnandi treystir sér ekki til að leggjast í þýðingar varðandi bardagalistir sem hann þekkir ekki af eigin reynslu. Ef einhver hefur orð sem ættu heima í þessum kubbi, þýðingar á orðum eða einfaldlega betri lista í einhverjum tilfellum þá er um að gera að senda póst til obsidian eða loco

Eftirfarandi listar eru komnir inn:

  • Almennur listi
  • Aikido
  • Karate
  • Taekwondo


  • Almennur orðalisti (japanska/enska)

    A

    Age: Rising.
    Age tsuki: Rising punch.
    Age uke: Rising block.
    Ashi: Foot/leg.
    Ashi guruma: Leg wheel.
    Ashi hishigi: Leg crush.
    Ashi kubi: Ankle.
    Ashi kubi hishigi: Ankle crush.
    Ashi waza: Foot techniques.
    Atemi: Striking.
    Atemi waza: Striking techniques.


    B

    Bo:
    Staff (long).
    Bojitsu: Staff techniques (long).
    Bunkai: Application of form.
    Bushi: Warrior class of Japan.
    Bushido: Way of the warrior.
    Bujutsu: Fighting arts of the warrior class of Japan.


    C

    Choku tsuki:
    Straight punch.
    Chuan fa: Fist way.
    Chudan: Middle (of body, i.e. torso).


    D

    Dachi:
    Stance.
    Dan: Rank of black belt; 1st dan is the lowest, 10th the highest.
    De ashi barai: Forward foot sweep.
    Denzook: No count.
    Do: The way.
    Dojo: Exercise hall, the place where one practices the martial arts.


    E

    Eku:
    Oar, used as a weapon in Okinawan Karate.
    Empi: 1. Elbow. 2. Name of a kata.
    Empi uchi: Elbow strike.


    F

    Fudo dachi:
    Rooted stance.
    Fumikomi: Stamping kick.
    Funakoshi, Gichin: Father of Japanese Karate.


    G

    Ganmen:
    Face.
    Ganmen shuto: Face knife-hand.
    Gari: Reap.
    Gatame: Hold, arm bar.
    Geashi: Reversal.
    Gedan: Lower, waist or below.
    Gedan barai: Low block.
    Gedan juji uke: Lower X-block.
    Gedan shuto uke: Lower knife-hand block.
    Geri: Kick.
    Gi: Uniform for practicing martial arts.
    Go: Five. See also numerals.
    Gohon: Five-finger strike.
    Goshi: Hip throw.
    Guruma: Wheel-like throw.
    Gyaku: Reverse, reversal.
    Gyaku tsuki: Reverse punch (opposite hand and leg).
    Gyaky juji jime: Reverse cross choke.


    H

    Hachi:
    Eight. See also numerals.
    Hachiji dachi: Open leg stance.
    Hachimachi: Towel used as a headband.
    Hadake: Naked.
    Hadake jime: Naked choke/strangle.
    Hadari: Left.
    Haishu: Back of the hand.
    Haishu uchi: Back hand strike.
    Haisoku: Instep.
    Haisoku geri: Instep kick.
    Haitto: Ridge hand (first knuckle of thumb and side of hand).
    Haitto uchi: Ridge hand strike.
    Hajimae: Begin.
    Hane: Spring.
    Hane goshi: Spring hip throw.
    Hane makikomi: Springing winding throw.
    Hangetsu dachi: Hourglass stance.
    Hara tsurikomi ashi: Lift-pull foot sweep.
    Harai: Sweep.
    Harai goshi: Sweep hip throw.
    Heisoku dachi: Attention stance.
    Hidari: Left (side).
    Hiji: Elbow strike (upward, downward, forward, rear).
    Hishigi: Crush.
    Hittsui: Knee.
    Hittsui geri: Knee strike (upward, side).
    Hiza guruma: Knee wheel.
    Hon: Fingers. See also Gohon.
    Honbu: Headquarters.


    I

    Ichi or Sho:
    One. See also numerals.
    Ippon: Full point in a contest.
    Ippon ken (tsuki): One knuckle fist.
    Ippon kumite: One step sparring.
    Ippon Seoi Nage: One-armed shoulder throw.
    Irimi waza: Entering techniques.


    J

    Jigo-tai:
    Defensive posture.
    Jime: Choke or strangle.
    Jiyu kumite: Free sparring.
    Jo: Short staff.
    Jodan: Upper, shoulders or above.
    Jodan juji uke: High X-block.
    Jo-jitsu: Short staff techniques.
    Joseke: Upper seat.
    Ju: Ten. See also numerals.
    Judo: A martial arts style featuring throwing. Literally, "gentle way", referring to giving way in order to gain victory.
    Judoka: Practitioner of Judo.
    Ju-ichi: Eleven. See also numerals.
    Juji: Cross. Juji gatame, juji uke.
    Juji gatame: Cross-body arm bar through legs and across hips.
    Juji uke: X-block.


    K

    Kagi tsuki:
    Hook punch.
    Kakato: Heel.
    Kakato uke: Bent wrist block.
    Kake: Application of the technique.
    Kakiwake uke: Pushing through block.
    Kama: Sickle, used in pairs in Okinawan Karate.
    Kamae: Posture.
    Kami shio gatame: Upper four-corner hold.
    Kane sute: Flying sacrifice.
    Kani basami: Flying scissors.
    Kano, Jigoro: Founder of Judo.
    Kansetsu: Joint lock.
    Kansetsu waza: Joint locking techniques.
    Kara: Empty.
    Karate: A martial arts style featuring strikes. Literally, "empty hand".
    Kata: 1. Stylized form, pre-arranged techniques. Nage no kata. 2. Shoulder. Kata guruma.
    Kata gatame: Shoulder hold.
    Kata guruma: Shoulder wheel throw.
    Kata ha jime: Single wing choke.
    Kata juji jime: Half cross choke.
    Katame: Grappling.
    Katame waza: Grappling and ground-fighting techniques. Also known as Ne-waza.
    Katana: Long sword.
    Katate Tori: Grasping of hands.
    Katsu: Revival techniques.
    Kazuri kesa gatame: Modified scarf hold.
    Kempo: Fist way.
    Kendo: Japanese sword fighting.
    Keri waza: Kicking techniques.
    Kesa gatame: Scarf hold.
    Ki: Vital energy.
    Kiai: Shout or yell with vital energy (ki).
    Kiba dachi: Horse stance.
    Kime: Focus.
    Kitskay: Attention.
    Ko: Minor.
    Kodokan: Headquarters of Judo in Japan. Literally, "school for studying the way".
    Koko uchi: Tiger mouth strike.
    Kokutsu dachi: Back stance.
    Komi: Pulling.
    Koshi: 1. Hip. 2. Ball of the foot.
    Koshi guruma: Hip wheel throw.
    Koshi jime: Hip choke.
    Koshi waza: Hip techniques.
    Kosoto gakae: Minor outer hook.
    Kosoto gari: Minor outer reaping throw.
    Kouchi gari: Minor inner reaping throw.
    Ku: Nine. See also numerals.
    Kubi: Neck.
    Kumikata: Methods of holding.
    Kumite: Sparring.
    Kusarigama: Sickle with a rope or chain attached.
    Kusho: Vital points of the body.
    Kuzushi: Unbalancing (eight directions).
    Kyu: Grade under black belt; 10th kyu is the lowest and 1st the highest.
    Kyusho: Vital point.
    Kyusho-jitsu: Pressure point strikes.


    L

    M

    Ma-ai:
    Distance.
    Mae: Front.
    Mae geri: Front kick.
    Mae geri keage: Front snap kick.
    Mae geri kekomi: Front thrust kick.
    Mae tobi geri: Jump front kick.
    Maki: Wrapping.
    Maki geashi: Wrapping reversal.
    (Soto) maki komi: Outside wrapping pulling.
    (Soto) maki komi harai: Outside wrapping pulling sweep.
    Makiwara: Punching board.
    Matae: Stop.
    Mawashi geri: Roundhouse kick.
    Mawashi tsuki: Roundhouse punch.
    Migi: Right (side).
    Mikazuki: Crescent.
    Mikazuki geri: Crescent kick.
    Mikazuki geri uke: Crescent kick block.
    Moro: Augmented.
    Morote: Two arm or two hand.
    Morote seoi nage: Two arm shoulder throw.
    Morote tsuki: Double forward fist strike.
    Morote uke: Double forearm block.
    Moro ubi tori: Augmented finger pull.
    Mudansha: Non black belt holder.
    Mune: Chest.
    Muni gatame: Chest hold.
    Mushin: Mind of no mind.


    N

    Nagashi uke:
    Flowing block.
    Nage: Throwing.
    Nage waza: Throwing techniques.
    Nage no kata: Formalized throws.
    Naginata: Halberd, used by Japanese women.
    Nami juji jime: Normal cross choke.
    Necho: Cat.
    Necho ashi dachi: Cat stance.
    Ne-waza: Ground fighting techniques, also known as katame waza.
    Ni: Two. See also numerals.
    Nidan geri: Double jump kick.
    Nihon nukite: Two finger spear hand. See also Gohon nukite, Nukite.
    Ni-ju: Twenty. See also numerals.
    Ni-ju-ichi: Twenty one. See also numerals.
    Nukite: Spear hand.
    Nunchaku: Flail-like weapon of two rods joined by rope or chain.


    O

    Obi:
    Belt. O goshi: Major hip throw.
    O guruma: Major wheel throw.
    Ohten: Barrel roll.
    Ohten gatame: Barrel roll arm-bar.
    Oi tsuki: Forward lunge punch (same side hand and leg).
    Okinawa te: Okinawan hand.
    Okuri: Sliding.
    Okuri ashi barai: Foot sweep.
    Okuri eri jime: Sliding collar choke.
    Okuri (ashi) harai: Sliding foot sweep.
    Osae komi: Hold-down.
    Osae komi waza: Hold-down techniques.
    Osoto gari: Major outer reaping throw.
    Osoto guruma: Major outer wheel throw.
    Otoshi: Drop.
    Ouchi gari: Major inner reaping throw.


    P

    Q

    R

    Randori:
    Free practice (judo sparring).
    Rei: Bow.
    Roku: Six. See also numerals.
    Ryu: Style of school or martial art.
    Ryukyu: Okinawa.


    S

    Sai:
    Three-pronged metal weapon.
    Sakotsu: Collarbone.
    Sakotsu shuto: Collarbone knife-hand.
    San: Three. See also numerals.
    Sanchin dachi: Hourglass stance (derived from Sanchin kata).
    San-ju: Thirty.
    Sasae: Block.
    Sasae (tsuri komi) ashi: Lifting pulling foot block.
    Seiza: Sitting position.
    Sempai: Senior.
    Sensei: Teacher.
    Seoi: Shoulder.
    Shi: Four. See also numerals.
    Shiai: Contest.
    Shichi: Seven. See also numerals.
    Shihan: Master instructor (4th-5th Dan).
    Shiho: Four corners, or all directions.
    Shiho nage: All directions throw.
    Shime: Choke.
    Shime waza: Choking techniques.
    Shizen-tai: Natural posture.
    Shotei: Palm heel strike (also may use as block).
    Shuto: Knife-edge hand (little-finger side of palm).
    Shuto uchi: Knife hand strike.
    Shuto uke: Knife hand block.
    Sode: Sleeve.
    Sode tsuri komi goshi: Sleeve lifting pulling hip throw.
    Soto: Outside (of opponent's stance).
    Soto age uke: Outer upper block.
    Soto makikomi: Outer winding throw.
    Soto mikazui geri: Outer crescent kick.
    Soto shuto: Outside knife-hand block.
    Soto ude uke: Outside forearm block.
    Sukui nage: Scooping throw.
    Sumea gaeshi: Corner reversal.
    Sumi otoshi: Corner drop.
    Sute: Sacrifice.
    Sutemi: Sacrifice or roll.
    Sutemi-waza: Sacrifice techniques.


    T

    Tachi-waza:
    Standing throwing techniques.
    Tai otoshi: Body drop.
    Tameshiwari: Breaking demonstration.
    Tanden: Point just below the navel.
    Tani otoshi: Valley drop.
    Tanto: Short sword.
    Tate tsuki: Vertical punch (boxer's jab).
    Te: Hand. See also Karate.
    Teisho: Palm heel.
    Teisho tsuki: Palm heel punch.
    Teisho uchi: Palm heel strike.
    Teisho uke: Palm heel block.
    Teiji dachi: T-stance.
    Tekubi: Wrist.
    Tekubi tori: Wrist pull.
    Tettsui: Hammer fist; downward strike with closed fist, little finger side as the striking surface.
    Te-waza: Hand techniques.
    Tomoe nage: Stomach throw.
    Tonfa: Wooden rod with handle at right angle, used in pairs.
    Tori: Defender, demonstrator of technique; or, pull.
    Torite: See tuite.
    Tsuki: Punch; knuckle strike with first two knuckles only.
    Tsuki waza: Punching techniques.
    Tsukuri: Stepping into the throw.
    Tsuri: Lifting.
    Tsuri goshi: Lifting hip throw.
    Tsuri komi goshi: Lifting pulling hip throw.
    Tuite: 1. Grappling techniques. 2. Using pressure points for joint manipulation.


    U

    Uchi:
    Inner; or, Strike.
    Uchideshi: Special disciple.
    Uchikomi: Repeated practice of throwing techniques.
    Uchi mata: Inner thigh throw.
    Uchi waza: Striking techniques.
    Ude: Forearm.
    Ude gatame: Forearm arm-bar.
    Ude tori: Forearm pull.
    Ude uki: Forearm block.
    Ueshiba, Morihei: Founder of Aikido Uke: Block (Age uke); or, Attacker, to whom techniques are done.
    Ukemi: Falling and rolling exercises.
    Ukemi: waza Falling techniques.
    Uki: Floating.
    Uki goshi: Floating hip throw.
    Uki otoshi: Floating drop.
    Uki waza: Floating throw.
    Ulna: (English) Bone on little-finger side of wrist.
    Ulna press: Straight arm bar with wrist on opponent's elbow.
    Ura: Back or flip side.
    Uraken uchi: Back fist strike.
    Ura nage: Back throw.
    Ura tsuki: Flip side punch.
    Ushiro: Rear.
    Ushiro geri: Back kick.
    Ushiro goshi: Back hip throw.


    V

    W

    Wakare:
    Separation.
    Waza: Technique.
    Katame waza: Mat work.


    X

    Y

    Yama:
    Mountain.
    Yama bushi: Mountain warriors.
    Yama tsuki: U-punch.
    Yari: Spear.
    Yawara: Control.
    Yoi: Ready.
    Yoko: Side.
    Yoko gake: Side body drop.
    Yoko geri: Side kick.
    Yoko guruma: Side wheel.
    Yoko haitto: Side ridge-hand.
    Yoko kekome: Side thrust kick.
    Yoko otoshi: Side drop.
    Yoko shio gatame: Side four corner hold.
    Yoko shuto: Side knife-hand.
    Yoko tobo geri: Jump side kick.
    Yoko wakare: Side separation.
    Yubi: Finger.
    Yubi tori: Finger pull.
    Yudansha: One who is a black belt.





    Aikido
    (http://here.is/aikikai)

    Aihanmi: gagnkvæm staða; t.d. hægri fótur á móti hægri fæti
    Aikidoka: sá sem leggur stund á Aikido
    Dojo: Æfingasalur
    Gyakuhanmi: spegilstaða; t.d. hægri fótur á móti vinstri fæti
    Hanmi: Grunnstaða
    Hanmi-hantachiwaza: annar situr, hinn stendur
    Hidari-hanmi: vinstri fótur fram
    Ikkyo happogiri: kast í átta áttir (sverðkata)
    Ikkyo shihogiri: kast í fjórar áttir (sverðkata)
    Irimi: skref áfram; inngangur
    Irimi tenkan: eins og það hljómar, skref inn og síðan snúningur
    Kaiten: Snúningur í kyrrstöðu (mjaðmahreyfing)
    Kamae: Staða
    Kiai: Hróp
    Kiza: hnjáseta; uppi á tám
    Kohei: nemandi af lægri gráðu
    Kotei: skipta um (t.d.hanmi)
    Maai: Millibil
    Mae: fram; áfram
    Migi/Hidari: hægri/vinstri
    Migi-hanmi: hægri fótur fram
    Modekai: einu sinni enn
    Nage: Gerandi
    Omote: Framfyrir
    Rei: Hneiging
    Seiza: hnjáseta; ristar í gólfi
    Sempai: nemandi af hærri gráðu
    Sensei: Kennari
    Shikko: Hnéganga
    Suwariwaza: sitjandi tækni; báðir sitja
    Tachiwaza: standandi tækni; báðir standa
    Tai sabaki: líkamsflutningur
    Tenkan: snúningur afturábak
    Torifune: róðraræfing
    Uke: Þiggjandi
    Ukemi: fallæfing; rúlla
    Ura: Afturfyrir
    Ushiro: aftur; afturábak
    Yame: Stopp

    Helstu tæknir

    Helstu lásar

    Ikkyo:
    Fyrsti lás
    Nikyo: Annar lás
    Sankyo: Þriðji lás
    Yonkyo: Fjórði lás

    Helstu köst

    Irimi nage: Inngangskast (“tuttugu ára tæknin”)
    Kaiten nage: Snúningskast (uchi-kaiten nage og soto-kaiten nage)
    Kokyo nage: Öndunarkast (mörg til, flest aðeins útfærslur á grundvallartæknum)
    Koshi nage: Mjaðmarkast
    Kote gaeshi: Úlnliðskast
    Shiho nage: Fjögurra átta kast
    Tenchi nage: Himinn og jörð

    Algengar árásir

    Högg

    Men-uchi: Högg gegn höfði
    Shomen-uchi: Högg móti enni með handarjaðri
    Yokomen-uchi: Hliðarhögg móti gagnauga með handarjaðri
    Tsuki (zuki): Hnefahögg (dæmigert karatehögg)
    Joda/chudan/gedan tsuki: Hátt/miðlægt/lágt hnefahögg

    Höld

    Katadori: Haldið um öxl
    Ryokatadori: Haldið um báðar axlir
    Katatedori: Haldið um aðra hönd
    Ryotedori: Haldið um báðar hendur
    Morotedori: Haldið um aðra hönd með tveimur
    Sodedori: Haldið um ermi
    Ushiro eri dori: Hálstak aftanfrá (venjulega kragahald)
    Ushiro tekubi dori: Haldið um úlnlið aftan frá
    Ushiro ryote dori: Haldið um báðar hendur aftan frá
    Ushiro ryokate dori: Haldið um báðar axlir aftan frá
    Ushiro kubi shime: Kyrkingartak (choke hold)

    Japanskar tölur

    Ich: Einn
    Ni: Tveir
    San: Þrír
    Shi: Fjórir
    Go: Fimm
    Rokk: Sex
    Shichi: Sjö
    Hachi: Átta
    Ku: Níu
    Ju: Tíu




    Karate (Shotokan)
    (http://www.thorshamar.is/ordalisti.html) - (takk matti) -

    DACHI - STÖÐUR

    Heiko-dachi:
    Viðbúinn staða, tær beint fram
    Zenkutsu-dachi: Framstaða
    Kiba-dachi: Gleiðstaða, tær beint fram
    Kokutsu-dachi: Bakstaða
    Neko-ashi-dachi: Kattarstaða
    Shiko-dachi: Gleiðstaða, tær vísa 45 gráður
    Kosa-dachi: Krossstaða, hné beigð
    Heisoku-dachi: Fætur saman, tær saman
    Musubi-dachi: Hælar saman, tær vísa 45 gráður
    Hachinoji-dachi: Herðabreidd milli hæla, tær vísa 45 gr.

    GERI - SPÖRK

    Mae-geri:
    Framspark
    Yoko-geri-keage: Hliðarspark, snöggt
    Yoko-geri-kekomi: Hliðarspark, með krafti
    Mawashi-geri: Snúningsspark
    Ushiro-geri: Afturábakspark
    Ura-mawashi-geri: Öfugt snúningsspark
    Ushiro-mawashi-geri: Afturábak snúningsspark
    Mae-Ashi-geri: Spark með fremri fót
    Kizami-geri: Spark með fremri fót
    Yoko-tobi-geri: Hliðar flug spark
    Mae-tobi--geri: Fram flug spark
    Rensoku-geri: Sparktækni m. mörgum spörkum

    ZUKI - HÖGG

    Oi zuki:
    Bein kýling
    Gyaku zuki: Öfug kýling
    Kizami zuki: Högg með fremri hendi
    Uraken: Bakhandarhögg
    Shuto uchi: Sverðhandarhögg
    Empi: Olnbogahögg

    UKE - VARNIR

    Age uke:
    Höfuðvörn (Jodan)
    Soto uke: Ytri miðvörn (Chudan)
    Uchi uke: Innri miðvörn (Chudan)
    Gedan barai: Neðri vörn (Gedan)
    Shuto uke: Sverðshandarvörn
    Morote uke: Tvöföld vörn

    TALIÐ Á JAPÖNSKU

    1:
    Ichi
    2: Ni
    3: San
    4: Shi
    5: Go
    6: Roku
    7: Shichi
    8:Hachi
    9:Ku
    10:Ju
    11: Ju ichi
    12: Ju ni
    13: Ju san
    14: Ju shi
    15: Ju go
    16: Ju roku
    17: Ju shichi
    18: Ju hachi
    19: Ju ku
    20: Ni ju
    21: Ni ju ichi
    22: Ni ju ni
    30: San ju
    31: San ju ichi
    40: Shi ju
    50: Go ju
    60: Roku ju
    70: Shichi ju
    80: Hachi ju
    90: Ku ju
    95: Ku ju go
    100: Hyaku

    ÝMIS ORÐ

    Dojo:
    Æfingasalur
    Hajime: Byrja
    Yame: Hætta
    Yoi: Tilbúinn
    Karate-gi: Karatebúningur
    Obi: Belti
    Hantai: Skipta um fót
    Rei: Hneiging
    Naotte: Slaka á
    Seisa: Setjast
    Tatte: Standa upp
    Mokuso: Hefja hugleiðslu
    (Kaimuko): Hætta hugleiðslu
    Jodan: Höfuð hæð
    Chudan: Solar plexus
    Gedan: Neðan belti
    Ki-ai: Öskur
    Kyu: Nemendagráða
    Dan: Meistaragráða
    Ippon: Eitt stig, einn
    Wasa-ari: Hálft stig, 1/2
    Migi: Hægri
    Hidari: Vinstri
    Mawate: Snúa við
    Kime: Læsing vöðva
    Senpai: Kennari
    Sensei: Meistari
    Shomen ni rei: Hneiging mót fánum
    Sensei ni rei: Hneiging mót meistara
    Senpai ni rei: Hneiging mót kennara
    Otaga ni rei: Hneiging mót andstæðing
    Tatte: Standa upp
    Makiwara: Veggbretti til æfinga
    Jun Kaiten: Venjulegur snúningur
    Gyaku Kaiten: Öfugur snúningur

    KATA Í SHOTOKAN KARATE

    Heian Shodan
    Heian Nidan
    Heian Sandan
    Heian Yondan
    Heian Godan
    Tekki Shodan
    Tekki Nidan
    Tekki Sandan
    Bassai Dai
    Kanku Dai
    Jion
    Hangetsu
    Empi
    Bassai Sho
    Kanku Sho
    Jitte
    Gankaku
    Nijushiho
    Gojushiho Sho
    Gojushiho Dai
    Unsu
    Sochin
    Chinte
    Jiin
    Meikyo
    Wankan





    Taekwondo (enska/kóreska)
    - (Takk joeBoner) -

    A

    about face: dorra
    arm: pol
    attention: cha-ryot
    attention stance: cha-ryot sogi (or cha-ryot)

    B


    back: dwi
    back-fist: dung-joomock
    back-fist strike: dung-joomock chi-gi
    back-hand: son-dung
    back kick: dwi cha-gi
    back stance: dwi-gubi sogi
    ball of foot: ahpchook
    begin/go ahead: si-jak
    block: maggi
    body: momtong
    bow: kyong-ye
    breathing control: shim ho hyup
    break/stop: kalyeo

    C


    chest protector: ka soom ho goo
    choking-hand: ah-gumson
    continue: kae sok
    crane stance: haktari sogi
    crescent kick: bandul cha-gi

    D


    deduction of point: gam jum
    down block/low block: ahre maggi

    E


    eight: yodul
    eighth: pul
    elbow: palkoop
    elbow strike: palkoop chi-gi
    energy (internal energy or life-force): him

    F


    face: eolgul
    face block/rising block: eolgul maggi (or wee maggi)
    fifth: oh
    fingertip: son-kut
    first: el
    fist: joomock
    five: dasot
    fixed stance (low back stance): go-jong sogi
    flag: guk-gi
    foot: baal
    forearm: palmock
    form/pattern/formal exercise: poomse
    four: net
    fourth: sa
    front: ahp
    front stance: ahp-gubi sogi
    front rising kick: ahp-bodo olligi (or ahp-cha olligi)
    front snap kick: ahp cha-gi
    front thrust kick: ahp-jillo cha-gi

    G


    good-bye: ahn-nyonghi gasipsiyo (to the one who leaves), ahn-nyonghi gesipsiyo (to the one who stays)
    go ahead/begin: si-jak
    groin defense: noollo maggi
    gymnasium (a place for the study of Tae Kwon Do): dojang

    H


    hammer-fist: me-joomock
    hammer-fist strike: me-joomok chi-gi
    hand: son
    head: mo-li
    healing (through the use of accupressure): googup hwal bop
    heel: dwi-chook
    hercules block: kumkang maggi
    high: wee
    hold/stop: gu-mahn
    holding: jupgi
    hook, hooking (direction): gullgi
    hook kick: gullgi cha-gi
    hook stance: koa-sogi
    horseback riding stance: juchoom-sogi
    how are you?: ahn-nyong hasimnika

    I


    in, inner: ahn
    inner block: ahn maggi
    instep: baaldung
    instructor (above fourth degree black belt): sabomnim

    J


    judge: bu sim
    jury: bae sim
    jumping kick: twi o-cha-gi

    K


    kick: cha-gi
    knee: moo-rup
    kneeling: kool o-angi
    knife-foot: baalnul
    knife-hand: son-nal
    knife-hand block: son-nal maggi
    knife-hand strike: son-nal chi-gi
    knuckle-fist: pyon-joomock
    knuckle-fist strike: pyon-joomock chi-gi
    L

    left: wen
    leg: dari
    life-force: him
    lotus position (yoga seated posture): baro-angi
    low: ahre
    low block/down block: ahre maggi

    M


    master (above fifth degree black belt): kwanjangnim
    martial art/moral culture/way of life: do
    meditation: jongsin-tongil
    middle: gaunde
    middle block: momtong maggi
    mouth: ip

    N


    neck: mok
    nine: ahob
    ninth: koo

    O


    offense: gong-kyok
    one: hana
    out, outer: backat
    outer block: backat maggi

    P


    pattern/form/formal exercise: poomse
    point: jeum
    pre warning: joo ui
    punch: chi-gi

    R


    rank: gup (color belt levels other than black belt), dan (black belt levels)
    ready: joonbi
    ready stance: pyong-sogi (also joonbi)
    recorder (tournament official): ki rohk
    referee: joo sim
    return (to previous or starting position): barro
    right: o-ruen
    rising block/face block: eolgul maggi (or wee maggi)
    rolling/tumbling: goorugi
    round (direction): dolryo
    round (competition segment): jeon
    roundhouse kick: dolryo cha-gi

    S


    school (a place where Tae Kwon Do is taught): kwan
    second: e
    self-defense: hosinsool
    seven: ilgub
    seventh: chil
    side: yop
    side rising kick: yop-bodo olligi
    side snap kick: yop cha-gi
    side thrust kick: yop-jillo cha-gi
    six: yasot
    sixth: yuk
    spar, sparring: kyorugi
    spear-hand: sonnal-dung
    spear-hand strike: sonnal-dung chi-gi
    spreading block: hecho maggi
    stance: sogi
    stop: gu-mahn
    strike/punch: chi-gi
    switch: ba-quo

    T


    ten: yol
    tenth: sib
    thank you: gamsa hamnida
    three: set
    throw, throwing: donzigi
    thrust, thrusting: jirugi
    third: sam
    tiger stance: bum-sogi
    time: shi gan
    timer (tournament official): kae sim
    turn around/about face: dorra
    twisted stance/hook stance: koa-sogi
    two: dul

    U


    uniform (for Tae Kwon Do training): dobok

    W


    walking stance: ahp sogi
    waist: huri
    warning: kyong go
    way of life/moral culture/martial art: do
    win: seung
    wrist: sonmock

    X


    X block: yeot pero maggi

    Y


    yell (to collect and focus internal energy): ki-hop
    you are welcome: chonmaney


    Kóreska/enska

    Hugtök

    Líkaminn

    mo-li:
    head
    eolgul: face
    ip: mouth
    mok: neck
    momtong: body
    palkoop: elbow
    palmock: forearm
    sonmock: wrist
    son: hand
    son-kut: fingertip
    joomock: fist
    huri: waist
    dari: leg
    moo-rup: knee
    baal: foot
    baaldung: instep
    dwi-chook: heel
    ahp-chook: ball of foot

    Tölur

    hana:
    one
    dul: two
    set: three
    net: four
    dasot: five
    yasot: six
    elgub: seven
    yodol: eight
    ahob: nine
    yol: ten

    el: first
    e: second
    sam: third
    sa: fourth
    o: fifth
    yuk: sixth
    chil: seventh
    pul: eighth
    koo: ninth
    sib: tenth

    Hreyfingar

    maggi:
    block
    chi-gi: strike
    cha-gi: kick
    kyorugi: sparring
    jupgi: holding
    jirugi: thrusting
    twi: jumping
    hecho: spreading
    modoo: gathering
    gong-kyok: offense
    hosinsool: self-defense

    Áttir

    ahp:
    front
    yop: side
    dwi: back
    wee: high
    gaunde: middle
    ahre: low
    wen: left
    o-ruen: right
    dolryo: round
    ahn: in (inner)
    backat: out (outer)

    Stöður

    cha-ryot sogi:
    attention stance
    pyong-hi sogi: ready stance
    juchoom sogi: horseback riding stance
    ahp-gubi sogi: forward stance
    dwi-gibi sogi: back stance
    koa sogi: twisted stance
    ahp sogi: walking stance
    bum sogi: tiger stance

    Varnir

    yeot pero maggi:
    X block
    eolgul maggi (also wee maggi): rising block
    momtong maggi: middle block
    ahre maggi: down block
    son-nal maggi: knife-hand block
    hecho maggi: spreading block

    Árásir-Högg

    chi-gi:
    forward punch
    gullgi chi-gi: hook punch
    me-joomok chi-gi: hammer-fist strike
    dung-joomock chi-gi: back-fist strike
    son-nal chi-gi: knife-hand strike
    son-nal dung chi-gi: spear-fingers strike
    pyon-joomock chi-gi: knuckle-fist strike
    palkoop chi-gi: elbow strike

    Árásir-Spörk

    ahp cha-gi:
    front kick
    yop cha-gi: side kick
    dolryo cha-gi: round kick
    dwi cha-gi: back kick
    guligi cha-gi: hook kick
    bandul cha-gi: crescent kick
    twi o-cha-gi: jumping kick

    Skipanir

    cha-ryot:
    attention
    kyong-ye: bow (or salout)
    joonbi: ready (get ready)
    dorra: about face
    si-jak: begin/start
    ba-quo: switch
    gu-mahn: hold/stop
    barro: return (to previous position)
    kalyeo: break/stop
    kae sok: continue

    Annað

    poomse:
    forms (formal exercises)
    kyorugi: sparring
    hosinsool: self defense
    ki-hop: yell (the power-sound, which combines physical and mental energy)
    guk-gi: flag
    dobok: uniform
    dojang: gymnasium (for the practice of Tae Kwon Do)
    kwan: school (a place where Tae Kwon Do is taught)
    jeon: round (competition segment)
    jeum: point
    shi gan: time (time out)

    Beltaröðin og aðrir titlar

    Nýliði:
    hvítt belti
    10-kup: hvítt belti með gulri rönd
    9-kup: gult belti
    8-kup: appelsínugult belti
    7-kup: grænt belti
    6-kup: blátt belti
    5-kup: rautt belti
    4-kup: rautt belti með svartri rönd
    3-kup: rautt belti með 2 svörtum röndum
    2-kup: rautt belti með 3 svörtum röndum
    1-kup = 1 dan: svart belti

    1-3 dan:
    kyorium (leiðbeinandi) Hefur rétt til að kenna
    4-5 dan: sabomnim (meistari) Hefur rétt til að veita svart belti
    6-9 dan: kwanjangnim (stórmeistari)

    joo sim:
    referee
    bu sim: judge
    bae sim: juror
    kae sim: time keeper
    ki rohk: recorder



    Hugi notar vefkökur til að bæta notendaupplifun á vefsíðunni og greina umferð um hana. Einnig hefur Hugi uppfært persónuverndarstefnu sína. Skoðaðu stefnuna hér..
    Ok